Submit Manuscript  

Article Details


Numerical Simulation and Experiment of Atomization Field of Fan-Shaped Atomization Nozzle for Plant Protection UAV

Author(s):

Maohua Xiao*, Yuanfang Zhao, Zhenmin Sun, Chaohui Liu and Tianpeng Zhang  

Abstract:


Background: There are drift and volatilization of the droplets produced by the plant protection Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) under the influence of external wind speed and its flight speed.

Objective: It studied the atomization characteristics of its fan-shaped atomizing nozzle under different inlet pressures and inner cavity diameters.

Methods: For the start, the Realizable k-ε turbulence model, DPM discrete phase model and TAB breakup model are used to make a numerical simulation of the spray process of the nozzle. Then, the SIMPLE algorithm is used to obtain the droplet size distribution diagram of the nozzle atomization field. At last, the related test methods are used to study its atomization performance, and the changes of atomization angle and droplet velocity under different inlet pressures and inner cavity diameters and the distribution of droplet size are discussed.

Results: The research results show that under the same inner cavity diameter, as the inlet pressure increases, the spray cone angle of the nozzle and the droplet velocity at the same distance from the nozzle increase. As the distance from the nozzle increases, the droplet velocity decreases gradually, the droplet size distribution moves to the direction of small diameter, and the droplets in the anti-drift droplet size area increase. Under the same inlet pressure, as the diameter of the inner cavity increases, the spray cone angle first increases and then decreases, and the droplet velocity at the same distance from the nozzle increases. As the distance from the nozzle increases, the droplet velocity decreases gradually, the droplet size distribution moves to the direction of large diameter, and the large size droplets increase, which cannot meet the anti-drift volatilization effect.

Conclusion: Under the parameter set in this study, when the inlet pressure is 0.6MPa and the inner cavity diameter is 2mm, the atomization result is the best.

Keywords:

plant protection UAV, droplet drift, fan-shaped atomizing nozzle, numerical simulation, droplet size, atomization field.

Affiliation:

College of Engineering, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210031, College of Engineering, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210031, College of Engineering, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210031, College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Jinggangshan University, Ji'an 343009, Kunshan City Agricultural Mechanization Technology Extension Station, Kunshan 215300



Full Text Inquiry